Conclusions


Plenary lectures

During the Symposium three plenary lectures were presented. 
In the lecture Selection against metabolic diseases it is stated that direct selection to reduce metabolic diseases is possible. Several potential indicator traits have been suggested for predicting metabolic diseases, but the lack of recording of direct health traits is a challenge More uses of indirect traits for predicting metabolic stability are expected with the increase in automated data recording. 
The other two papers were also focused on data recording and using the collected data for improvement of production. Precision Livestock Farming (PLF) is to develop management tools based upon continuously and automatically monitoring animal welfare, health, environmental impact in real time via applying advanced information and communication technologies. Smart farming is a discipline where farmers, engineers, biologist and economists work together to achieve the best possible results. Due to decreased unit price and size of sensors, the adoption of PLF technology is expected to increase. The third lecture was focused on using new technologies and information systems in the pig sector. Precision farming in animal production is on the move –and reliable production data is needed for effective farm management. Besides that, valuable pedigree information and reliable phenotypic information from station and field test in combination with genomic information will be necessary for competitive breeding programs in the future.



Game production, fishery and beekeping

During the session 8 oral and 13 poster presentation were presented. 

Honey production in Serbia is at a high level. Honey from Serbia are exported to the world market and are requested goods. The honey trade balance is positive. It is necessary to stimulate the system of protection of geographical origin of honey and organic beekeeping production in order to achieve distinctive products and achieving higher prices in the market. On domestic market it is necessary to implement constant actions of determining and removing the forged honey and implement modern analytical methods in the analysis of honey which can serve in identification of honey counterfeits. In order to manufacture the respectable bee products, it is necessary to follow the principles of good beekeeping practices in beekeeping production.

During season 2016. population of brown hare in Vojvodina was evaluated as “weak”. By territory, in Srem region based to 1367. collected samples from 11 hunting ground users, percent of juvenile was 46.88%. In Banat region results shows 41.60% of juvenile brown hares based on 1115 samples. And the huge sample size was in Bačka region, 1727 brown hares, with 44.10% juvenile brow hares in population. Also very important is Prevention of phenomenon, “not submitting the samples” or a bad (small) sample submission.


Animal breeding, Genetics, Reproduction

Presentation of papers was started at 09,10 and finished at 10,51. Moderators decided to work without coffee break, because authors of two papers were not present. Discussion was after the Plenary lecture and after all presented papers. Section was closed at 11,20. 
There were presented 7 papers, included Plenary lecture. One lecture was about general selection in animal husbandry (Slovakia), one concerning on pig production (Austria), 3 about cattle species (Serbia), one of sheep (Montenegro) and one of rabbit (Slovakia). 
Poster section started at 14,30 and finished at 16,10. 21 posters were applied.  In this section, researchers (from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovakia, and Serbia) presented their scientific work concerning on cattle, pig and goat. Research work of most posters referred to increasing selection efficiency, better reproduction and more efficient livestock production. 


Animal nutrition and feed production

During the session 7 papers were presented as oral presentations. Most of the presented papers were related to the poultry nutrition and the effect of different natural feed additives on production and health if poultry. Also the influence of dietary antioxidant supplementation and different forms of zinc on performance and carcass characteristics were shown. The main conclusions are mostly focused on the statement that natural feed additives are needed for the improvement of broiler performance. 

During the poster session 10 posters were presented. Mostly they were also about the different additives in poultry nutrition including the poster from Thailand which presented the effect of palmyrah fruit pulp supplementation in laying hen diet. One of the papers gave the preliminary results on deoxynivalenol degradation and mold reduction in maize by ultra-violet irradiation and ozon treatment. Two papers were about the ruminant nutrition – methods for  estimation of digestibility and the effects of extruded starter on dairy calves performances.



Quality of Animal Products

During the oral session 7 papers were presented. The Invited paper was about the quality of traditional dairy products, problems and possibilities for improvement. The quality of fish, squid and turkey meat was also presented in two papers as well as the quality of honey from different regions of Republic of Macedonia. It was emphasized that quality of primary products (milk, meat, etc.) is crucial for the quality of the final products. Therefore, the communication and close cooperation between primary producers and processing industry is necessary.
During the poster session 11 papers were presented. Two posters were related to carcass characteristics of broiler chickens and the effect of different protein sources or nettle addition on slaughter traits and carcass conformation. 6 posters were related to milk production either to primary milk production or to the final product like kajmak. 3 posters were about sausage production and quality of prosciutto.


Animal health, welfare and farm biosecurity

The section started at 12,00 and finished after discussion, at 13,20. It was presented six out of seven papers in the program. The topics of presented paper mostly consider different welfare aspects of dairy cows, fish and laying hens. 
In Poster section 3, it was shown thirty posters out of thirty four as it was in the program. The papers displayed on posters were various, but mostly related to the effects of different feed composition on poultry, the quality of dairy products and welfare and health of ruminants, fish and poultry.
The section started at 14,30 and finished at 16,00.









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